Lush, butt, cwtch — these are some of the words often associated with Wales, but they are rarely used in north Wales.
The region has its own dictionary of words that might not be as familiar to the rest of the world as those you’d find in south Wales, but are equally important to us and the way we speak.
Commonly used terms and phrases in north Wales are a mixture of Welsh and English, and are sometimes used by both Welsh and non-Welsh speakers.
Here’s a guide to our commonly used words and phrases.
1. Massive bach
This phrase is used in the Anglesey town of Llangefni and literally translates to ‘massive little’. It means ‘very little’.
Like ‘very’ or even ‘massive’ in Llangefni, this is used to emphasise something in Blaenau Ffestiniog. For example:
“Oedd hwnna’n mega da!” which would translate to “That was mega good!”
In Caernarfon, this is used when someone has had a stroke of bad luck. For example:
“I have just missed my bus!”
The word translates to ‘to it’ or ‘to her’ in Welsh. It’s often used for when you’re going to do something amazing or cool.
When you can’t be bothered to do something.
6. Moider / Moiderer
Commonly used terms in Bangor. ‘Moider’ is usually when you have a good chat with someone about anything and everything. ‘Moiderer’ is someone who won’t stop talking.
7. Iawn, wa?
Used in Bala, ‘wa’ is a term of endearment.
8. Iawn, c*nt?
Used in Caernarfon, ‘c*nt’ with an ‘o’ is a term of endearment.
9. Iawn, mêt?
‘Mêt’ is ‘mate; in Welsh, and is also a term of endearment.
When you feel really sorry over someone.
11. Orite la?
‘La’ comes from the word ‘lad’ and is a term of endearment.
12. Pen Rwdan
It means ‘turnip head’.
The term is formed of two words and is used in Caernarfon. It comes from the words ‘eisiau crio’ which means ‘wanting to cry’.
A Caernarfon word for girlfriend.
In Welsh, rather than saying ‘oes’, which is a form of ‘yes’, people from Denbighshire will drop the ‘s’ at the end and just say the first two letters – ‘oe’.
Cofi is someone from Caernarfon.
“Where are you from?”
18. Aww tidy smart!
Used in Wrexham, means “Great, thanks, nice one”.
Term of endearment, the Welsh version of ‘boy’.
Means ‘hell of a’ and used to describe something as exceptional. For example:
“That’s a helluva bridge!”
Used at the end of sentences, both in English and Welsh.
“Well, I couldn’t believe it, de”.
To drink alcohol.
23. Duwadd annwyl!
24. Lobscouse / Lobsgows
The best stew in the world!
A Caernarfon word for cat.
26. How Gets
A colloquial nickname for the people of Bethesda. Meant as an affectionate way to poke fun at residents’ perceived lack of English language skills (i.e “How gets you here?”).
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